Israeli DP Law: Constitutional, Statutory and Regulatory Reform

In this article, published in the October 2007 issue of Privacy and Data Protection, I review recent changes in Israeli privacy and data protection law. The elevation of the right of privacy to constitutional status has moved the Israeli Supreme Court to extend privacy and data protection beyond the scope of the Privacy Protection Act of 1981 (“PPA”). And the PPA too is changing: driven by technological developments and the will to harmonize Israeli law with European standards, a government committee has recently proposed a wholesale reform of the statute’s data protection chapter (the Schofman Report). To increase compliance and enforcement levels, Israel has established a new data protection authority – the Israeli Law and Information Technologies Authority (“ILITA”) – to replace the former Database Registrar. I review in this article the spate of recent changes in Israeli data protection law and comment on persisting discrepancies between Israeli and European data protection.

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